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Understanding Religion And Social Change In Ethiopia

RRP $45.99

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Religiosity is one aspect without which Ethiopian society cannot be fully understood. Unfortunately, however, the nexus between religion, politics and development is one of the underexplored, if totally neglected, areas. This book, therefore, aims to map out the terrain of the discourse in religion-social change nexus in Ethiopian using the notion of covenant as an interpretive tool. This project sets out by discussing Ethiopian political theology and its role in triggering and/or hindering social change in the past. After thoroughly analyzing and carefully evaluating religious, political and cultural nature of the Ethiopian society, this book finds out that the covenant-thinking, for both historical and cultural reasons, is of basic importance to Ethiopian identity and way of life. Based on this finding, the book postulates an argument that covenant-thinking, for historical and cultural reasons, is one of the most suitable conceptual devices that can help to marshal a healthy social, political and economic change in Ethiopia. However, in order to overcome historical and conceptual pitfalls associated to covenant-thinking in Ethiopia in the past, this book sets out to reinterpret and redirect the notion of covenant in such a way that it can contribute to a healthy social change. As a way of doing this, the books makes critical comparisons between Ethiopian covenant thinking and two other traditions where covenant thinking vis-a-vis sociopolitical reality is prominent: Jewish tradition and Dutch Reformational philosophy. The comparison is done with an intention, on the one hand, to examine the relevance of covenant-thinking in (post)modern plural societies, and on the other, to make sure if, albeit these traditions have their own inadequacies, these traditions can offer conceptual tools to overcome weaknesses in the Ethiopian covenant thinking.


Answer Set Programming For Continuous Domains

RRP $338.99

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Answer set programming (ASP) is a declarative language tailored towards solving combinatorial optimization problems. It has been successfully applied to e.g. planning problems, configuration and verification of software, diagnosis and database repairs. However, ASP is not directly suitable for modeling problems with continuous domains. Such problems occur naturally in diverse fields such as the design of gas and electricity networks, computer vision and investment portfolios. To overcome this problem we study FASP, a combination of ASP with fuzzy logic -- a class of manyvalued logics that can handle continuity. We specifically focus on the following issues: 1. An important question when modeling continuous optimization problems is how we should handle overconstrained problems, i.e. problems that have no solutions. In many cases we can opt to accept an imperfect solution, i.e. a solution that does not satisfy all the stated rules (constraints). However, this leads to the question: what imperfect solutions should we choose? We investigate this question and improve upon the state-of-the-art by proposing an approach based on aggregation functions. 2. Users of a programming language often want a rich language that is easy to model in. However, implementers and theoreticians prefer a small language that is easy to implement and reason about. We create a bridge between these two desires by proposing a small core language for FASP and by showing that this language is capable of expressing many of its common extensions such as constraints, monotonically decreasing functions, aggregators, S-implicators and classical negation. 3. A well-known technique for solving ASP consists of translating a program P to a propositional theory whose models exactly correspond to the answer sets of P. We show how this technique can be generalized to FASP, paving the way to implement efficient fuzzy answer set solvers that can take advantage of existing fuzzy reasoners.



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