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Mercantilism In A Japanese Domain
This book explores the historical roots of economic nationalism within Japan. By examining how mercantilist thought developed in the eighteenth-century domain of Tosa, the author shows how economic ideas were generated within the domains. During the Edo period (1600-1867), Japan was divided into over 230 realms, many of which developed into competitive states that struggled to reduce the dominance of the shogun's economy. The seventeenth-century Japanese economy was based on samurai notions of service and a rhetoric of political economy which centred on the lord and the samurai class. This 'economy of service', however, led to crises of deforestation and land degradation, government fiscal insolvency and increasingly corrupt tax levies, and finally a loss of faith in government. Commoners led the response with a mercantilist strategy of protection and development of the commercial economy. They resisted the economy of service by creating a new economic rhetoric which decentred the lord, imagined the domain as an economic country, and gave merchants a public worth and identity unknown in Confucian economic thought.
Am I A Democrat Or A Republican?
America appears to be on autopilot as its citizens take democracy for granted wallowing in complacency. Those with wealth have an inner urgency to do anything possible to not only keep that wealth, but to amass more. It appears to be something like a sickness. In relation to the rich, the working middle-class and poor are becoming insignificant. They are becoming collateral damage as a rapidly diminishing Republican political party becomes more and more extreme with the end justifying the means. Money can buy anything, and it does, especially elections! Will Americans do what is necessary to keep our land from becoming a fascist dictatorship as was attempted in 1933 by a U. S. Senator? Does your party represent your beliefs in words, and more importantly, in actions? Do you care?
The Domain Theory
Is this book about patterns?
Yes and no. It is about software reuse and representation of knowledge that can be reapplied in similar situations; however, it does not follow the classic Alexandine conventions of the patterns community--i.e. Problem- solution- forces- context- example, etc. Chapter 6 on claims comes close to classic patterns, and the whole book can be viewed as a patterns language of abstract models for software engineering and HCI.
So what sort of patterns does it contain?
Specifications, conceptual models, design advice, but sorry not code. Plenty of other C++ code pattern books (see PLOP series). Nearest relative in published patterns books are Fowler's (1995) Analysis Patterns: Reusable object models and Coad, North and Mayfield.
What do you mean by a Domain Theory?
Not domains in the abstract mathematical sense, but domains in the knowledge--natural language sense, close to the everyday meaning when we talk about the application domain of a computer system, such as car rental, satellite tracking, whatever. The book is an attempt to answer the question ' what are the abstractions behind car rental, satellite tracking' so good design solutions for those problems can be reused.
I work in industry, so what's in it for me?
A new way of looking at software reuse, ideas for organizing a software and knowledge reuse program, new processes for reusing knowledge in requirements analysis, conceptual modeling and software specification.
I am an academic, should I be interested?
Yes if your research involves software engineering, reuse, requirements engineering, human computer interaction, knowledge engineering, ontologies and knowledge management. For teaching it may be useful for Master courses on reuse, requirements and knowledge engineering. More generally if you are interested in exploring what the concept of abstraction is when you extend it beyond programming languages, formal specification, abstract data types, etc towards requirements and domain knowledge.
Based on more than 10 years of research by the author, this book is about putting software reuse on a firmer footing. Utilizing a multidisciplinary perspective--psychology and management science, as well as software--it describes the Domain Theory as a solution. The domain theory provides an abstract theory that defines a generic, reusable model of domain knowledge.
Providing a comprehensive library of reusable models, practice methods for reuse, and theoretical insight, this book:
*introduces the subject area of reuse and software engineering and explains a framework for comparing different reuse approaches;
*develops a metric-oriented framework to assess the reuse claims of three competing approaches: patterns, ERPs, and the Domain Theory OSMs (object system models);
*explains the psychological background for reuse and describes generic tasks and meta-domains;
*introduces claims that provide a representation of design knowledge attached to Domain Theory models, as well as being a schema for representing reusable knowledge in nearly any form;
*reports research that resulted from the convergence of the two theories;
*describes the methods, techniques, and guidelines of design for reuse--the process of abstraction; and
*elaborates the framework to investigate the future of reuse by different paradigms, generation of applications from requirements languages, and component-based software engineering via reuse libraries.
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